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Climate Migration Across Contexts, Gender, and the Life Course: An Examination in Contemporary Mexico
Speaker: Fernando Riosmena

Abstract: Livelihood disruptions related to climatic variability -in turn exacerbated by climate change over the current Century- have manifested in deteriorations of population health and wellbeing, altered mobility, and other population dynamics, with uneven impacts along important social groups or categories. In the case of migration -perhaps especially of international movement- the extent and even direction of increasing climate change-related exposure to adverse environmental events and conditions on population mobility is likely to differ considerably across social contexts and categories/groups because environmental exposures are “filtered through” broader social structures, for which members of groups or categories access differentially in terms of e.g., opportunities and normative expectations. To examine this likely heterogeneity in environmental responses, we examine the relationship between climatic variability and internal vs. international migration in Mexico, specifically assessing these associations across socioeconomic contexts, gender, and ages, which relatively little work to date has focused on. Using 5-year retrospective migration data from the 2010 and 2020 Mexican Population and Housing Census long form 10% samples and environmental and contextual information from several sources described later on, we estimate difference-in-difference (DiD) models on several strata of propensity-score-matched municipalities in order to compare temporal changes in migration rates between otherwise similar places that are differentially exposed to negative environmental exposures likely to affect more climate-sensitive economic production. By matching municipalities exposed vs. not experiencing shocks -but which otherwise are similar contextual characteristics in a variety of baseline indicators of relevance for migration and/or broader climate adaptation- our DiD approach aims at drastically reducing the potential confounding eff

Apr 29, 2022 12:30 PM in Pacific Time (US and Canada)

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